Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is July 15th, 2018.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
yesterdaypin1 PIN-formed protein1: gene product cross-reacts with anti-AtPIN1 antibody and in tassel and ear, the PIN proteins are localized to a group of cells in subepidermal meristematic layers.
9.01
GRMZM2G098643
Kamada, M et al. 2018. Life Sci Space Res. 18:42-51     Reference: August 14th, 2018
Gene Product: April 21st, 2014
Variation: January 20th, 2015
Gene Model: January 24th, 2013
3 days agopza01735  :
2.06
       Gene Product: August 12th, 2018
3 days agoln1 linoleic acid1: lower ratio of oleate to linoleate in kernelembryo oil content and composition,cloned by chromosome walk to high oil QTL; maybe allele of ln1 (Zheng 2008)
6.04 - 6.04
GRMZM2G169089
Yan, BW et al. 2018. Genome doi: 10.1139/gen-2018-002     Reference: August 11th, 2018
Gene Product: August 12th, 2018
Variation: August 16th, 2014
Gene Model: August 16th, 2014
3 days agodgati2 diacylglycerol acyltransferase-typeI2:
 
GRMZM2G130749
Yan, BW et al. 2018. Genome doi: 10.1139/gen-2018-002     Reference: August 11th, 2018
Gene Product: August 12th, 2018
Gene Model: July 23rd, 2018
3 days agodgatii1 diacylglycerol acyltransferase-typeII1:
 
GRMZM2G042356
Yan, BW et al. 2018. Genome doi: 10.1139/gen-2018-002     Reference: August 11th, 2018
Gene Product: August 12th, 2018
Gene Model: August 11th, 2018
3 days agodgatii2 diacylglycerol acyltransferase-typeII2:
 
GRMZM2G050641
Yan, BW et al. 2018. Genome doi: 10.1139/gen-2018-002     Reference: August 11th, 2018
Gene Product: August 12th, 2018
Gene Model: August 11th, 2018
3 days agodgatiii1 diacylglycerol acyltransferase-typeIII1:
 
GRMZM2G122943
Yan, BW et al. 2018. Genome doi: 10.1139/gen-2018-002     Reference: August 11th, 2018
Gene Product: August 12th, 2018
Gene Model: August 11th, 2018
5 days agoaasr1 abscisic acid stress ripening1: protects the major ARS protein in maize; protects kernel yield under water deficit; SSR pio059, IDP9044
10.02
GRMZM2G136910
Li, XY et al. 2018. Funct Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1071/FP17356     Reference: August 10th, 2018
Gene Product: December 1st, 2011
Variation: December 30th, 2011
Gene Model: November 1st, 2011
5 days agoparp1 poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase1:
8.03
GRMZM2G124718
Muli, JK et al. 2018. Plant 6:8-15     Reference: April 28th, 2018
Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Variation: August 19th, 2010
Gene Model: August 7th, 2014
5 days agoparp2 poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase2:
2.06
GRMZM5G831712
Muli, JK et al. 2018. Plant 6:8-15     Reference: April 28th, 2018
Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Variation: August 19th, 2010
Gene Model: July 28th, 2016
5 days agoaasr3 abscisic acid stress ripening3:
2.04
GRMZM2G044132
Li, XY et al. 2018. Funct Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1071/FP17356     Reference: August 10th, 2018
Gene Product: December 1st, 2011
Gene Model: November 1st, 2011
5 days agoaasr5 abscisic acid stress ripening5:
10.04
GRMZM2G052100
Li, XY et al. 2018. Funct Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1071/FP17356     Reference: August 10th, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2011
Variation: April 14th, 2007
Gene Model: November 1st, 2011
5 days agosro1 similar to RCD one1: over-expression in transgenic Arabidopsis enhances abiotic stress resistance
 
GRMZM2G145236
Li, XY et al. 2018. Biochem Biophys Res Commun pp.doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.08.014   AT1G32230 (TAIR) Reference: August 10th, 2018
Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Gene Model: August 10th, 2018
5 days agosro3 similar to RCD one3:
 
GRMZM5G866843
    Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Gene Model: August 10th, 2018
5 days agosro4 similar to RCD one4:
 
GRMZM2G011469
    Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Gene Model: August 10th, 2018
5 days agosro5 similar to RCD one5:
 
GRMZM2G122543
    Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Gene Model: August 10th, 2018
5 days agosro6 similar to RCD one6:
 
GRMZM2G177878
    Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Gene Model: August 10th, 2018
5 days agovte4 vitamin E synthesis4:
5.06
GRMZM2G035213
Das, AK et al. 2018. J Plant Biochem pp.doi: 10.1007/s13562-018-0470-x     Reference: August 10th, 2018
Gene Product: June 26th, 2013
Gene Model: June 26th, 2013
5 days agosro2 similar to RCD one2:
5.00
       Gene Product: August 10th, 2018
Variation: September 25th, 2007
6 days agobhlh36 bHLH-transcription factor 36: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Yilmaz, A et al. 2009. Plant Physiol 149:171-180     Reference: May 12th, 2011
Variation: August 9th, 2018
8 days agobt2 brittle endosperm2: like bt1; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit; with sh2 complements E. coli glgC
4.05
   Li, YP et al. 2018. Plant Sci 274:332-340     Reference: August 7th, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: November 12th, 2013
8 days agowx1 waxy1: amylopectin (stained red by iodine) replaces amylose (blue staining) in endosperm and pollen; extensive allelic series; application: highly branched starch has gelling properties, used for food gels, adhesives, and other industrial purposes; SSRs phi022, 027, 061NCBI: granule-bound starch synthase 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic
9.03
   Zhao, LX et al. 2018. Plant Physiol Biochem 130:493-500     Reference: August 7th, 2018
Gene Product: June 4th, 2008
Variation: March 4th, 2017
8 days agocyp7 cytochrome P450 7: single copy cDNA (unpublished)
3.05
GRMZM2G021436
Jameson, N et al. 2008. Plant Mol Biol 67:295-304     Reference: March 5th, 2010
Gene Product: September 26th, 2016
Variation: February 15th, 2014
Gene Model: August 7th, 2018
8 days agogbss1b granule-bound starch synthase1b:
 
GRMZM2G008263
Zhao, LX et al. 2018. Plant Physiol Biochem 130:493-500     Reference: August 7th, 2018
Gene Product: June 4th, 2008
Variation: August 4th, 2011
Gene Model: November 20th, 2014
8 days agobnl12.30a  :
8.06
GRMZM2G015735
Grant, D et al. 1993. MNL 67:55-61     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 7th, 2018
8 days agopsbA (cp)  :
 
   Chotewutmontri, P; Barkan, A. 2018. PLoS Genetics 14:e1007555     Reference: August 7th, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
11 days agomc1 mucronate1: dominant Mc1 kernels have opaque endospermendosperm-specific protein cDNA
2.06
GRMZM2G060429
Mainieri, D et al. 2018. J Exp Bot pp.doi: 10.1093/jxb/ery287/5063680     Reference: August 4th, 2018
Gene Product: September 17th, 2010
Variation: September 16th, 2010
Gene Model: August 4th, 2018
12 days agolhcb1 light harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein1: Mapped by Wright and Helentjaris (1988).
3.09
GRMZM2G104549
Stroud, LK; McGinnis, K. 2017. Plant Direct. DOI: 10.1002/pld3.19     Reference: October 21st, 2017
Gene Product: January 8th, 2005
Gene Model: August 3rd, 2018
12 days agofdx5 ferredoxin5: leaf protein, cDNA clone, distinct amino acid sequence compared to other ferredoxins, gene specific probe (aka pfd5)
 
GRMZM2G122327
Schnable, J; Freeling, M. 2011. PLoS One 6(3):e17855. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017855     Reference: September 27th, 2011
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 3rd, 2018
Gene Model: August 1st, 2018
12 days agolhcb10 light harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein10: gene-specific cDNA probe; low expression in bundle sheath cells (aka cab1)unique genomic sequence; promoter is light regulated in tobacco and maize leaf mesophyll protoplasts (Knight et al. 1992)
 
GRMZM2G351977
Stroud, LK; McGinnis, K. 2017. Plant Direct. DOI: 10.1002/pld3.19     Reference: October 21st, 2017
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 3rd, 2018
13 days agobnlg1893  :
2.09
GRMZM2G444543
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: August 2nd, 2018
13 days agow*-6577 white candidate 6577:
1.06 - 1.12
   MGCSC. 1972. Unpublished mimeographed notes     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 2nd, 2018
13 days agocb2 crossbanded2: (was cb*-N652B) green seedling with yellowish white diurnal crossbands
2.02 - 2.03
   Coe, E. 2006. MNL 80:7     Reference: July 25th, 2006
Variation: August 2nd, 2018
13 days agoj*-5828 japonica*-5828:
1.00 - 1.12
       Variation: August 2nd, 2018
14 days agoagpsl1 ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase small subunit leaf1: leaf-specific
1.07
GRMZM2G163437
Boehlein, S et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14053     Reference: August 1st, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: April 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: June 15th, 2012
14 days agosh2 shrunken2: inflated, transparent, sweet kernels collapse on drying, becoming angular and brittle; endosperm ADPG pyrophosphorylase subunit (compare bt2); application: "supersweet" sweet corn - kernels sugar-sweet for long period
3.09
   Boehlein, S et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14053     Reference: August 1st, 2018
Gene Product: November 4th, 2014
Variation: October 10th, 2014
14 days agoagpll1 ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase large subunit leaf1AGPL4:
1.10
GRMZM2G391936
Boehlein, S et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14053     Reference: August 1st, 2018
Gene Product: January 3rd, 2014
Variation: September 22nd, 2017
Gene Model: September 22nd, 2017
14 days agoagpll2 ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase large subunit leaf2:
 
GRMZM2G144002
Boehlein, S et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14053     Reference: August 1st, 2018
Gene Product: January 3rd, 2014
Gene Model: January 7th, 2014
14 days agoagp1 ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase small subunit embryo 1: embryo cDNA that hybridizes to endosperm transcripts, distinct from sh2 and bt2 but most similar to the bt2 gene product
2.06
GRMZM2G106213
Boehlein, S et al. 2018. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14053     Reference: August 1st, 2018
Gene Product: January 3rd, 2014
Variation: November 4th, 2014
Gene Model: November 4th, 2014
15 days agoabp1 auxin binding protein1: putative auxin receptor, single band in Southerns, endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membrane locales (aka axr1, aux311)Dominant Scmv1 and Scmv2 confer resistance
3.05 - 3.05
   Redinbaugh, MG; Stewart, LR. 2018. Annu Rev Virol. doi: 10.1146/annurev-virology-092917-043413     Reference: July 31st, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: August 23rd, 2017
15 days agohox1 homeobox1: cDNA Zmhox1a, meristem specific, nuclear, protein product binds to feedback control element of sh1 promoter; SSR's umc1309, umc1343
8.05
GRMZM2G136369
Han, ZX et al. 2018. Genetics 209:983-995     Reference: July 31st, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 26th, 2014
Gene Model: June 25th, 2014
15 days agoscmv1 resistance to sugarcane mosaic virus1: resistance requires dominant factors Scm1 and Scm2; resistance in various inbreds is concordant for SCMV and MDMV, yet recombinants of Scm1 occur with the NOR, whereas none were found for Mdm1 by Simcox et al. (1995)
6.00 - 6.01
GRMZM2G014055
Redinbaugh, MG; Stewart, LR. 2018. Annu Rev Virol. doi: 10.1146/annurev-virology-092917-043413     Reference: July 31st, 2018
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 29th, 2005
Gene Model: September 7th, 2017
15 days agomeg4 maternally expressed gene4: Maternally transmitted alleles preferentially expressed in endosperm
7.02
GRMZM5G896560
Han, ZX et al. 2018. Genetics 209:983-995     Reference: July 31st, 2018
Variation: October 25th, 2009
Gene Model: August 29th, 2014
18 days agogl6 glossy6: like gl1, but seedling leaf surface bright green instead of bluish
3.05 - 3.05
GRMZM2G139786
Li, L et al. 2018. bioRxiv preprint pp.doi: 10.1101/378687     Reference: July 28th, 2018
Gene Product: July 28th, 2018
Variation: July 28th, 2018
Gene Model: July 28th, 2018
19 days agobnlg108  :
2.04
GRMZM2G151021
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 27th, 2018
19 days agoumc2403  :
2.02
GRMZM2G106413
    Variation: February 23rd, 2010
Gene Model: July 27th, 2018
20 days agoldp1 luminidependens protein1: single copy leaf cDNA, csu838, similar to Arabidopsis luminidependens protein which regulates floral induction
3.05
GRMZM2G106613
Cui, ZH et al. 2018. Theor Appl Genet pp.doi: 10.1007/s00122-018-3142-2     Reference: July 26th, 2018
Variation: April 28th, 2007
Gene Model: August 13th, 2014
21 days agoprp3 pathogenesis-related protein3:
4.02
GRMZM2G117989
Bravo, J; Campo, S; Murillo, I; Coca, M; Segundo, BS. 2003. Plant Mol Biol. 52:745-749     Reference: October 15th, 2003
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: December 24th, 2015
21 days agoesr6 embryo surrounding region6: transcript specific to embryo surrounding region near basal endosperm transfer layer
4.09
GRMZM2G048353
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Variation: January 5th, 2016
Gene Model: January 5th, 2016
21 days agoes4 embryo sac4: one of 4-5 copy gene family; pre-zygotic, embryo sac specific; required for pollen tube growth arrest and burst
 
GRMZM2G128301
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: April 22nd, 2011
Variation: April 25th, 2011
Gene Model: April 22nd, 2011
21 days agoes1 embryo sac1: one of 4-5 copy gene family; pre-zygotic embryo sac specific; required for pollen tube growth arrest and burst
 
GRMZM2G012012
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: April 22nd, 2011
Variation: April 25th, 2011
Gene Model: April 22nd, 2011
21 days agoes2 embryo sac2: one of 4-5 copy gene family; pre-zygotic embryo sac specific; required for pollen tube growth arrest and burst
 
GRMZM2G128301
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: April 22nd, 2011
Gene Model: April 22nd, 2011
21 days agoes3 embryo sac3: one of 4-5 copy gene family; pre-zygotic embyro sac specific; required for pollen tube growth arrest and burst
 
GRMZM2G128301
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: April 22nd, 2011
Gene Model: April 22nd, 2011
21 days agoprp5 pathogenesis related protein5:
1.06
GRMZM2G402631
Ray, S et al. 2016. Plant Physiol 171:694-706     Reference: July 14th, 2016
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Variation: August 20th, 2011
Gene Model: October 30th, 2015
21 days agohagtf3 GNAT-transcription factor 3: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
1.08
GRMZM2G131618
Yilmaz, A et al. 2009. Plant Physiol 149:171-180     Reference: May 12th, 2011
Gene Product: January 4th, 2018
Variation: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: July 25th, 2018
21 days agoprp7 pathogenesis-related protein7:
1.03
GRMZM2G112524
Xie, Y-R et al. 2010. J Plant Physiol 167:121-130     Reference: October 1st, 2017
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: September 30th, 2017
21 days agoprp4 pathogenesis related protein4:
7.00
GRMZM2G465226
Christensen, SA et al. 2015. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 112:11407-11412     Reference: October 30th, 2015
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Variation: August 29th, 2011
Gene Model: November 20th, 2014
21 days agoccd8 carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase8: Mutants have mild branching, short stature, small ear size, and narrow-stalk
 
GRMZM2G446858
Zhu, X-M et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:966     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: September 20th, 2012
Variation: September 21st, 2012
Gene Model: September 20th, 2012
21 days agodef2 defensin-like protein2:
 
GRMZM2G368861
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: June 10th, 2016
21 days agodef4 defensin-like protein4:
 
GRMZM2G153488
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: September 16th, 2017
21 days agoprp6 pathogenesis-related protein6: encoded protein exerted broad spectrum antifungal activity
 
GRMZM2G112488
Castano-Duque, L et al. 2018. J Chem Ecol pp.doi: 10.1007/s10886-018-0972-y     Reference: June 22nd, 2018
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: September 30th, 2017
21 days agodef3 defensin-like protein3: Maize callus containing the NC300 allele was more resistant to maize pests than GUS callus.
 
GRMZM2G149869
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Variation: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: July 25th, 2018
21 days agodef1 defensin-like protein1:
10.03
GRMZM2G368890
Dowd, P; Johnson, ET. 2018. Agri Gene 9:16-23     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: June 10th, 2016
21 days agouce12 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme12:
8.03
GRMZM2G015287
Zhu, X-M et al. 2018. Frontiers Plant Sci 9:966     Reference: July 25th, 2018
Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: July 25th, 2018
22 days agocg1 corngrass1: semidominant Cg1 plants have narrow leaves, extreme tilleringCg1 encodes two tandem miR156 genes that are overexpressed in the meristem and lateral organs. George Chuck, 2007
3.02
GRMZM2G022489
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: June 17th, 2016
Variation: August 25th, 2011
Gene Model: April 5th, 2013
Recommended by George Chuck:
September 25th, 2007
22 days agoyab10 yabby homolog10:
1.07
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Variation: March 23rd, 2009
Recommended by Marty Sachs:
March 7th, 2007
22 days agoba1 barren stalk1: ear shoots and most tassel branches and spikelets absent
3.06
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: July 19th, 2012
Variation: March 18th, 2015
22 days agogt1 grassy tillers1: numerous basal branches; vegetatively totipotent in combination with id1 and factors for perennialismputative transcription factor that reduces branching, and is induced by shade
1.04
GRMZM2G005624
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: March 5th, 2012
Variation: August 18th, 2011
Gene Model: March 5th, 2012
22 days agora1 ramosa1: ear and tassel many-branched; tassel branches taper to tip
7.02
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: April 11th, 2007
Variation: August 20th, 2010
22 days agora2 ramosa2: tassel many-branched, upright, not conical like ra1; irregular kernel placement
3.03 - 3.03
AC233943.1_FG002
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350   AT5G63090 (TAIR)
LOC_Os01g07480 (MSU/TIGR)
LOC_Os01g07480 (Gramene)
Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: July 27th, 2009
Variation: September 19th, 2009
Gene Model: July 14th, 2011
22 days agora3 ramosa3: branched inflorescence; mutant ears have abnormal long branches at their bases; trehalose biosynthesis
7.06
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: September 15th, 2013
Variation: December 3rd, 2010
22 days agotb1 teosinte branched1: many tillers; ear branches tassel-like; affects apical dominanceGRASSIUS: TCP transcription factor (TCP1)
1.09
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: September 14th, 2016
Variation: February 2nd, 2017
22 days agotru1 tassels replace upper ears1: upper ear branches tassel-like, tillers bear ears
3.04 - 3.10
GRMZM2G039867
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: December 17th, 2013
Variation: December 18th, 2013
Gene Model: December 17th, 2013
22 days agotu1 tunicate1: dominant Tu1 ears develop long glumes enclosing individual kernels; tassels develop large, coarse glumes and sex reversal; both inflorescences become grossly vegetative and sterile in homozygotes
4.08 - 4.08
GRMZM2G370777
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: June 12th, 2012
Variation: February 3rd, 2011
Gene Model: May 9th, 2012
22 days agonot1 neighbor of tga1: compared to tga1, expressed much higher in maize than teosinte; INDEL probe (Preston et al 2011)
 
AC233751.1_FG002
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: December 18th, 2014
Variation: May 7th, 2015
Gene Model: October 28th, 2011
22 days agobhlh81 bHLH-transcription factor 81: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Yilmaz, A et al. 2009. Plant Physiol 149:171-180     Reference: May 12th, 2011
Variation: July 24th, 2018
22 days agotga1 teosinte glume architecture1: glumes indurated, erect, long, boat-shaped; factor transferred from teosinte
4.05
GRMZM2G101511
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: December 18th, 2014
Variation: May 7th, 2015
Gene Model: October 28th, 2011
22 days agozfl1 zea floricaula/leafy1: zfl1 and zfl2 double mutants exhibit a disruption of floral organ identity and patterning, as well as defects in inflorescence architecture and in the vegetative to reproductive phase transition.
10.06
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Variation: February 20th, 2007
22 days agozfl2 Zea floricaula leafy2: zfl1 and zfl2 double mutants exhibit a disruption of floral organ identity and patterning, as well as defects in inflorescence architecture and in the vegetative to reproductive phase transition.
2.02
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Variation: October 9th, 2014
22 days agosos1 Suppressor of sessile spikelets1: dominant Sos1 suppresses sessile spikelets in ear primordia and in tassel; reduced tassel branching - contrasts to teosinte ears, where the pedicellate rather than the sessile spikelet is lacking (compare pd1 pd2, unpaired rows due to failure of pedicillate spikelets)
4.02
   Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Variation: September 1st, 2003
22 days agozag6 agamous-like6: Encodes a MADS-box transcription factor homologous to SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 that affects flowering time in Arabidopsis.
 
GRMZM2G026223
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Variation: June 9th, 2014
Gene Model: June 9th, 2014
22 days agoyab12 C2C2-YABBY-transcription factor 12: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
GRMZM2G085873
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Gene Model: October 16th, 2015
22 days agoyab6 C2C2-YABBY-transcription factor 6: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
GRMZM2G074124
Stitzer, MC; Ross-Ibarra, J. 2018. New Phytol pp.doi: 10.1111/nph.15350     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Gene Model: July 3rd, 2012
22 days agocopt1 copper transporter1:
 
GRMZM2G003179
Wang, HL et al. 2018. PLoS One 13:e0199081     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: July 24th, 2018
Gene Model: July 24th, 2018
22 days agocopt2 copper transporter2:
 
GRMZM2G042412
Wang, HL et al. 2018. PLoS One 13:e0199081     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: July 24th, 2018
Gene Model: July 24th, 2018
22 days agocopt3 copper transporter3:
 
GRMZM2G317696
Wang, HL et al. 2018. PLoS One 13:e0199081     Reference: July 24th, 2018
Gene Product: July 24th, 2018
Gene Model: July 24th, 2018
22 days agoasg62  :
1.07
GRMZM2G379237
Grant, D et al. 1993. MNL 67:55-61     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Variation: February 15th, 2017
Gene Model: July 24th, 2018
23 days agoumc1076  :
1.05
GRMZM2G152526
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 23rd, 2018
23 days agoole1 oleosin1: major protein from lipid bodies, cDNA and genomic clones; SSR umc1185
2.03
   Schnable, J; Freeling, M. 2011. PLoS One 6(3):e17855. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017855     Reference: September 27th, 2011
Gene Product: July 23rd, 2018
Variation: February 20th, 2015
27 days agortcs1 rootless concerning crown and seminal roots1: root system reduced solely to a primary root yet plants can be carried to seed; cyclin cDNAs absent; naphthalene acetic acid induces adventitious roots
1.02
GRMZM2G092542
Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Gene Product: October 5th, 2009
Variation: October 5th, 2009
Gene Model: July 23rd, 2013
27 days agoslr1 short lateral root1:
 
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: October 5th, 2009
27 days agoslr2 short lateral root2:
 
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: October 5th, 2009
27 days agort1 rootless1: secondary roots few or absent
3.04
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: September 1st, 2003
27 days agolrt1 lateral rootless1: few lateral root primordia form in primary and seminal roots, none proliferate; no response to naphthalene acetic acid or indole acetic acid; responds to indole butyric acid and to S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, a nitric oxide (NO) donor (Schlicht et al 2013)
2.00 - 2.03
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: September 1st, 2003
27 days agolrp1 lateral root primordia1: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141   AT5G12330 (TAIR) Reference: July 19th, 2018
Gene Product: April 27th, 2015
27 days agorth1 roothair defective1: roothairs do not elongate in rth1 homozygotes; plants are dwarfed and appear nutrient deficient; genomic sequence
1.09
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: April 2nd, 2007
27 days agorth2 roothair defective2: root hairs elongate 1/5-1/4 of normal; plants are vigorous and show little nutritional deficiency
5.04 - 5.09
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: September 1st, 2003
27 days agorth3 roothair defective3: like rth1, but "stocking cap" roothair initials under electron microscope
1.03
   Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: June 30th, 2012
27 days agorboh1 respiratory burst oxidase1: mutant displays defects in root hair initiation and elongation manifested by a reduced density and length of root hairs.
3.06
GRMZM2G426953
Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Gene Product: July 15th, 2013
Variation: June 7th, 2014
Gene Model: July 2nd, 2013
27 days agorum1 rootless with undetectable meristems1: primordia for seminal roots and for laterals on the primary root absent
 
GRMZM2G037368
Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Gene Product: June 16th, 2014
Variation: June 16th, 2014
Gene Model: June 16th, 2014
27 days agortcl1 RTCS-like1: homologous to rtcs1
9.07
AC149818.2_FG009
Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: January 20th, 2016
Gene Model: May 18th, 2012
27 days agorul1 rum1-like1:
 
GRMZM2G163848
Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Variation: November 18th, 2011
Gene Model: November 17th, 2011
27 days agorth6 roothairless6: mutant roothairs do not elongate; encodes a D-type cellulose synthase
 
GRMZM2G436299
Bray, AL; Topp, CN. 2018. Plant Cell Physiol pp.doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcy141     Reference: July 19th, 2018
Gene Product: October 7th, 2016
Variation: October 7th, 2016
Gene Model: October 7th, 2016
30 days agoumc1153  :
5.09
GRMZM2G133764
    Variation: September 1st, 2003
Gene Model: July 16th, 2018

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