MaizeGDB Locus Reports (Gene Families)


Details on Gene Families

acad acylcoenzyme A dehydrogenase

See the complete record for acad acylcoenzyme A dehydrogenase.

Notes:
  reserved for gene family encoding acylCoA dehydrogenases; currently no published gene information for maize (2008).

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (identification) Bode, K et al. 1999. Plant Physiol 119:1305-1314
    Identification, separation, and characterization of acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenases involved in mitochondrial beta-oxidation in higher plants



ars1 autonomously replicating sequence1

See the complete record for ars1 autonomously replicating sequence1.

Notes:
  replicates in yeast; 11,000 copies in maize

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Berlani, RE et al. 1988. Plant Mol Biol 11:173-182
    Sequence analysis of three fragments of maize nuclear DNA which replicate autonomously in yeast



ars2 autonomously replicating sequence2

See the complete record for ars2 autonomously replicating sequence2.

Notes:
  replicates in yeast; 10,000 copies in maize

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Berlani, RE et al. 1988. Plant Mol Biol 11:173-182
    Sequence analysis of three fragments of maize nuclear DNA which replicate autonomously in yeast



ars3 autonomously replicating sequence3

See the complete record for ars3 autonomously replicating sequence3.

Notes:
  replicates in yeast; 28,000 copies in maize

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Berlani, RE et al. 1988. Plant Mol Biol 11:173-182
    Sequence analysis of three fragments of maize nuclear DNA which replicate autonomously in yeast



CACTA

See the complete record for CACTA .

Notes:
  transposable element family with CACTA in a 13 bp terminal inverted repeat and a 3 bp target site duplication; includes En/Spm, doppia, others
  family includes En/Spm, doppia of maize; Tam1 of Antirrhinum; Tgm1 of soybean; Pis1 of Pisum.

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Pereira, A et al. 1986. EMBO J 5:835-841
    Molecular analysis of the En/Spm transposable element system of Zea mays
  (Genelist) Masson, P et al. 1987. Genetics 117:117-137
    Genetic and molecular analysis of the Spm-dependent a-m2 alleles of the maize a locus
  (Genelist) Techen, N et al. 1999. MNL 73:35-36
    Isolation of two new CACTA transposable elements from anthocyanin genes in maize
  (mapping) Roy, NS et al. 2017. Genetica pp.doi: 10.1007/s10709-017-9985-7
    Development of CACTA transposon derived SCAR markers and their use in population structure analysis in Zea mays
  (description) Yang, Q et al. 2013. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 110:16969-16974
    CACTA-like transposable element in ZmCCT attenuated photoperiod sensitivity and accelerated the postdomestication spread of maize



colonist1

See the complete record for colonist1 .

Notes:
  family of elements containing reverse transcriptase domain (LINE-like); originally found in ACCase B1 and B2 genes; high sequence identity to largest (1.8kb) intron of sh2

Family Members:
   LINE Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements Family

Other Related Loci:
  Homologous sh2 intron 1.8kb

References:
  (first report) Lutz, S and Gengenbach, BG. 1996. MNL 70:59
    Characterization of two unique Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (LINEs), colonist1 and colonist2



colonist2

See the complete record for colonist2 .

Notes:
  family of elements containing reverse transcriptase sequence (LINE-like), similar to Cin4; 100-500 copies in genome; originally found in ACCase genes B1 and B2 (as an insertion in colonist1)

Family Members:
   LINE Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements Family

Other Related Loci:
  Homologous Cin4

References:
  (first report) Lutz, S and Gengenbach, BG. 1996. MNL 70:59
    Characterization of two unique Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (LINEs), colonist1 and colonist2



elfa7 elongation factor alpha7

See the complete record for elfa7 elongation factor alpha7.

Notes:
  shares 89-99% nucleotide sequence identity with genes elf1a to elf1g (aka eEF1Aa to eEF1Ag).
  found exclusively in seedling library and expressed in higher levels in rapidly elongating tissues in roots and silk.
  Match of the gene-specific 3' sequence of Carneiro et al. (1999) places this locus (EH Coe December 2008)

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  possibly identical elfa1

References:
  (cDNA sequence) Carneiro, N et al. 1999. Plant Mol Biol 41:801-813
    The eEFlA gene family is differentially expressed in maize endosperm
  (gene expression) Carneiro, N et al. 1999. Plant Mol Biol 41:801-813
    The eEFlA gene family is differentially expressed in maize endosperm



elfa8 elongation factor alpha8

See the complete record for elfa8 elongation factor alpha8.

Notes:
  probably identical to elfa7
  shares 82-99% nucleotide sequence identity with genes elf1a to elf1f (aka clones eEF1Aa to eEF1Af).
  Ambiguous BLAST matches among the members clustered in Entrez Unigene Zm.70437 with AF136829
  Genetic coordinate based on BAC match in B73 v2 (EHC Apr 2014)
  Match of the gene-specific 3' sequence of Carneiro et al. (1999) places this locus (EH Coe December 2008)

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  possibly identical elfa7

References:
  (cDNA sequence) Carneiro, N et al. 1999. Plant Mol Biol 41:801-813
    The eEFlA gene family is differentially expressed in maize endosperm
  (gene expression) Carneiro, N et al. 1999. Plant Mol Biol 41:801-813
    The eEFlA gene family is differentially expressed in maize endosperm



his1 histone I

See the complete record for his1 histone I.

Notes:
  histone H1 gene family, cDNA sequence

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Razafimahatratra, P et al. 1991. Nucl Acid Res 19:1491-1496
    Nucleotide sequence and expression of a maize H1 histone cDNA
  (evolution) Chaboute, ME; Chaubet, N; Gigot, C; Philipps, G. 1993. Biochimie 75:523-531
    Histones and histone genes in higher plants: structure and genomic organization



his3 histone3

See the complete record for his3 histone3.

Notes:
  histone H3 family, 60-80 copies/diploid genome, homologous sites on several chromosomes, subfamilies H3C2, H3C3, H3C4
  promoter has two plant histone conserved motifs required for cell-division induced interactons: CCATC-CAACGGCPu and CCGTCC; and has a required cis-element, CGCGGATC, 10-3- bp upstream from the CCGTCC element

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Chaubet, N et al. 1989. Mol Gen Genet 219:404-412
    Organization of the histone H3 and H4 multigenic families in maize and in related genomes
  (transgenic expression) Brignon, P et al. 1993. Plant Mol Biol 22:1007-1015
    Nuclease sensitivity and functional analysis of a maize histone h3 gene promoter
  (promoter analysis) Brignon, P et al. 1993. Plant Mol Biol 22:1007-1015
    Nuclease sensitivity and functional analysis of a maize histone h3 gene promoter
  (promoter analysis) Brignon, P and Chaubet, N. 1993. Plant J 4:445-457
    Constitutive and cell-division-inducible protein-DNA interactions in two maize histone gene promoters
  (Variation) Chaubet, N. 1986. Plant Mol Biol 6:253-263
    Nucleotide sequences of two corn histone H3 genes
  (Variation) Gigot, C and Chaubet, N. 1987. Plant Physiol Biochem 25:235-247
    Nucleotide sequences of two histone H3 and H4 genes of corn. Further insight into the structure and organization of the histone genes in higher plants
  (Variation) Chaubet, N et al. 1987. Dev Genet 8:461-473
  (codon usage) Fennoy, SL and Bailey-Serres, J. 1993. Nucl Acid Res 21:5294-5300
    Synonymous codon usage in Zea mays L. nuclear genes is varied by levels of C-ending and G-ending codons
  (gene product) Savenkova, TN. 1995. Subfraction composition of histones and methylation of DNA in inbred maize lines and their hybrids. Fiziol Biokh Kult Rast 27:189-193
    Subfraction composition of histones and methylation of DNA in inbred maize lines and their hybrids
  (gene expression) Peres, A et al. 1999. J Exp Bot 50:1373-1379
    Partial synchronization of cell division in cultured maize (Zea mays L.) cells: differential cyclin, cdc2, histone, and retinoblastoma transcript accumulation during the cell cycle
  (evolution) Chaboute, ME; Chaubet, N; Gigot, C; Philipps, G. 1993. Biochimie 75:523-531
    Histones and histone genes in higher plants: structure and genomic organization
  (Variation) Chaubet, N. 1988. Nucl Acid Res 16:1295-1304
  (phosphorylation) Kaszas, E and Cande, WZ. 2000. J Cell Sci 113:3217-3226
    Phosphorylation of histone H3 is correlated with changes in the maintenance of sister chromatid cohesion during meiosis in maize, rather than the condensation of the chromatin
  (transgenic expression) Atanassova, R et al. 1998. Plant Mol Biol 37:275-285
    Functional analysis of the promoter region of a maize (Zea mays L.) H3 histone gene in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana
  (promoter analysis) Atanassova, R et al. 1998. Plant Mol Biol 37:275-285
    Functional analysis of the promoter region of a maize (Zea mays L.) H3 histone gene in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana
  (embryogenesis) Sauter, M et al. 1998. Sex Plant Reprod 11: 41-48
    Cell cycle regulatory genes from maize are differentially controlled during fertilization and first embryonic cell division



his4 histone4 family

See the complete record for his4 histone4 family.

Notes:
  histone H4 family; 100-120 copies/diploid genome (Chaubet et al 1986), homologous sites on most chromosomes, subfamilies H4C7, H4C14
  Transcripts described (Gigot et al. 1987).
  promoter has two plant histone conserved motifs required for cell-division induced interactons: CCATC-CAACGGCPu and CCGTCC; and has a required cis-element, CGCGGATC, 10-3- bp upstream from the CCGTCC element

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Chaubet, N. 1986. Plant Mol Biol 6:253-263
    Nucleotide sequences of two corn histone H3 genes
  (evolution) Chaboute, ME; Chaubet, N; Gigot, C; Philipps, G. 1993. Biochimie 75:523-531
    Histones and histone genes in higher plants: structure and genomic organization
  (promoter analysis) Brignon, P and Chaubet, N. 1993. Plant J 4:445-457
    Constitutive and cell-division-inducible protein-DNA interactions in two maize histone gene promoters
  (Variation) Philipps, G et al. 1986. Gene 42:225-229
    Genomic organization and nucleotide sequences of two corn histone H4 genes
  (codon usage) Fennoy, SL and Bailey-Serres, J. 1993. Nucl Acid Res 21:5294-5300
    Synonymous codon usage in Zea mays L. nuclear genes is varied by levels of C-ending and G-ending codons
  (gene product) Savenkova, TN. 1995. Subfraction composition of histones and methylation of DNA in inbred maize lines and their hybrids. Fiziol Biokh Kult Rast 27:189-193
    Subfraction composition of histones and methylation of DNA in inbred maize lines and their hybrids
  (gene expression) Peres, A et al. 1999. J Exp Bot 50:1373-1379
    Partial synchronization of cell division in cultured maize (Zea mays L.) cells: differential cyclin, cdc2, histone, and retinoblastoma transcript accumulation during the cell cycle
  (Genelist) Chaubet, N et al. 1989. Mol Gen Genet 219:404-412
    Organization of the histone H3 and H4 multigenic families in maize and in related genomes
  (Variation) Phillips, RL et al. 1974. Genetics 77:285-297
    The nucleolus organizer region of maize (Zea mays L.): tests for ribosomal gene compensation or magnification



MADS-box MADS-box gene family

See the complete record for MADS-box MADS-box gene family.

Notes:
  genes belonging to this gene family contain a MADS-box protein domain with DNA-binding properties.

Family Members:
   zmm16 Zea mays MADS16
   zmm1 Zea mays MADS1
   zag2 Zea AGAMOUS homolog2
   zmm31 Zea mays MADS31
   zmm29 Zea mays MADS29
   zmm18 Zea mays MADS18
   zmm2 Zea mays MADS2
   zmm6 Zea mays MADS6
   zag1 Zea AGAMOUS homolog1

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (phylogenetic analysis) Theissen, G; Strater, T; Fischer, A; Saedler, H. 1995. Gene 156:155-166
    Structural characterization, chromosomal localization and phylogenetic evaluation of two pairs of AGAMOUS-like MADS-box genes from maize
  (evolution) Fischer, A et al. 1995. MNL 69:37
    Genomic organization of MADS-box genes
  (duplication) Fischer, A et al. 1995. MNL 69:37
    Genomic organization of MADS-box genes
  (RNA splicing) Montag, K; Salamini, F; Thompson, RD. 1995. Nucl Acid Res 23:2168-2177
    ZEMa, a member of a novel group of MADS box genes, is alternatively spliced in maize endosperm
  (gene expression) Fischer, A et al. 1995. MNL 69:37
    Differential expression of MADS-box genes
  (tissue-specific expression) Datta, R et al. 2001. Sex Plant Reprod 14:127-134
    Gene-expression analysis of sucrose-starch metabolism during pollen maturation in cytoplasmic male-sterile and fertile lines of sorghum
  (sequence analysis) Ermishev, VY et al. 2000. An unusual K-box sequence of a maize MADS-box gene. Fiziol Rast 47:555-557
    An unusual K-box sequence of a maize MADS-box gene
  (comparison) Akopian, T et al. 2000. Conserved fragments of the MADS-box genes in perennial and annual rye. Fiziol Rast 47:89-96
    Conserved fragments of the MADS-box genes in perennial and annual rye



mcm minichromosome maintenance family protein

See the complete record for mcm minichromosome maintenance family protein.

Notes:
  There are no notes available for this transgene.

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (first report) Richert, J et al. 1996. Plant Sci 114:93-99
    A reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay for gene expression studies at the single cell level



mpu maize palindromic unit

See the complete record for mpu maize palindromic unit.

Notes:
  family of sequences occurring upstream of zein gene(s), cat3, and kn1, with potential homology to reverse transcriptases; 17- to 21- bp perfect palindromes, copy number 30,000

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  Near kn1
  Near zp
  Near cat3

References:
  (first report) Prostko, JC and Quayle, TJA. 1995. MNL 69:82-83
    Analysis of a palindromic DNA sequence motif



rDNA18S 18S ribosomal RNA

See the complete record for rDNA18S 18S ribosomal RNA.

Notes:
  NOR (nucleolus organizer) component

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Jupe, ER and Zimmer, E. 1990. Plant Mol Biol 14:333-347
    Unmethylated regions in the intergenic spacer of maize and teosinte ribosomal RNA genes
  (nucleotide sequence) Doyle, JA. 1994. Ann Mo Bot Gard :(in press)
  (Probe) Kato, A; Lamb, JC; Birchler, J. 2004. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA. 101:13554-13559
    Chromosome painting using repetitive DNA sequences as probes for somatic chromosome identification in maize



rDNA25S 25S ribosomal RNA

See the complete record for rDNA25S 25S ribosomal RNA.

Notes:
  NOR (nucleolar organizer) component
  Mapped in silico by inference from BAC sequence and RFLP matches (EH Coe Jul 2008)

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Jupe, ER and Zimmer, E. 1990. Plant Mol Biol 14:333-347
    Unmethylated regions in the intergenic spacer of maize and teosinte ribosomal RNA genes
  (evolution) Jupe, ER; Zimmer, EA pp.541-552 in Zimmer, E et al. 1993.Academic Press, San Diego
    Assaying differential ribosomal RNA gene expression with allele-specific probes
  (Probe) Riera-Lizarazu, O et al. 1996. Theor Appl Genet 93:123-135
    Cytological and molecular characterization of oat x maize partial hybrids
  (FISH) Chen, CC et al. 2000. Theor Appl Genet 101:30-36
    The pachytene chromosomes of maize as revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization with repetitive DNA sequences
  (Probe) Kato, A; Lamb, JC; Birchler, J. 2004. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA. 101:13554-13559
    Chromosome painting using repetitive DNA sequences as probes for somatic chromosome identification in maize



rDNA5.8S 5.8S ribosomal RNA

See the complete record for rDNA5.8S 5.8S ribosomal RNA.

Notes:
  NOR (nucleolus organizer) component

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  Contained in ITS1 rDNA5.8S ITS2

References:
  (Genelist) Jupe, ER and Zimmer, E. 1990. Plant Mol Biol 14:333-347
    Unmethylated regions in the intergenic spacer of maize and teosinte ribosomal RNA genes
  (Probe) Buckler, Edward and Holtsford, TP. 1996. Mol Biol Evol 13:612-622
    Zea systematics: Ribosomal ITS evidence
  (Probe) Riera-Lizarazu, O et al. 1996. Theor Appl Genet 93:123-135
    Cytological and molecular characterization of oat x maize partial hybrids



rfC restorer of fertility for cms-C

See the complete record for rfC restorer of fertility for cms-C.

Notes:
  General name for dominant restorer of fertility for C-type cytoplasmic male sterility. Could be Rf4, Rf5, and/or Rf6.

Family Members:
   rf5 restorer of fertility5
   rf4 restorer of fertility4
   rf6 restorer of fertility6

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  There are no noted references available for this transgene.



rfS restorer of fertility for cms-S

See the complete record for rfS restorer of fertility for cms-S.

Notes:
  General name for dominant restorer of fertility for S-type cytoplasmic male sterility. Could be Rf3, Rf9, etc..

Family Members:
   rf3 restorer of fertility3
   rf9 restorer of fertility9

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  There are no noted references available for this transgene.



sigma factor sigma factor of plastid RNA polymerase

See the complete record for sigma factor sigma factor of plastid RNA polymerase.

Notes:
  Plastid sigma factor is possibly a multigene family. includes sig1,sig2.

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  There are no noted references available for this transgene.



snr5 small nucleolar RNA U5

See the complete record for snr5 small nucleolar RNA U5.

Notes:
  USE promoter element (highly conserved, plant-specific) placed with respect to the -30 TATA box, corresponds to Pol III and Pol II specificity, must also have MSP element (Monocot-Specific Promoter), consensus RGCCR, in 1-3 copies
  identity based on homology to Arabidopsis clones; genomic clones have distinct 5'-sequence
  After transfection into maize leaf protoplasts, MzU5.1 and MzU5.2 express clearly, and MzU5.3 expresses at very low levels. Clones MzU5.3, MzU5.2, MzU5.1.

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (gene expression) Leader, D et al. 1993. Plant Mol Biol 21:133-143
    Differential expression of U5snRNA gene variants in maize (Zea mays) protoplasts)
  (Genelist) Leader, D et al. 1993. Plant Mol Biol 21:133-143
    Differential expression of U5snRNA gene variants in maize (Zea mays) protoplasts)
  (promoter analysis) Connelly, S; Marshallsay, C; Leader, D; Brown, JWS; Filipowicz, W. 1994. Mol Cell Biol 14:5910-5919
    Small nuclear RNA genes transcribed by either RNA polymerase II or RNA polymerase III in monocot plants share three promoter elements and use a strategy to regulate gene expression different from that used by their dicot plant counterparts
  (regulation) Connelly, S; Marshallsay, C; Leader, D; Brown, JWS; Filipowicz, W. 1994. Mol Cell Biol 14:5910-5919
    Small nuclear RNA genes transcribed by either RNA polymerase II or RNA polymerase III in monocot plants share three promoter elements and use a strategy to regulate gene expression different from that used by their dicot plant counterparts



srp1 signal recognition particle RNA

See the complete record for srp1 signal recognition particle RNA.

Notes:
  gene family

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (Genelist) Campos, N et al. 1989. Nucl Acid Res 17:1573-1588
    Diversity of 7 SL RNA from the signal recognition particle of maize endosperm



ubf9*-X92422

See the complete record for ubf9*-X92422 .

Notes:
  There are no notes available for this transgene.

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (gene product) Worrall, D; Twell, D. 1994. Bioessays 16:873-875
    Pollen maturation: where ubiquitin is not required?
  (gene product) Callis, J; Bedinger, P. 1994. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 91:6074-6077
    Developmentally regulated loss of ubiquitin and ubiquitinated proteins during pollen maturation in maize
  (cDNA sequence) Chevalier, C et al. 1996. Plant Sci 117:95-105
    Sugar levels regulate the expression of ribosomal protein genes encoding protein S28 and ubiquitin-fused protein S27a in maize primary root tips



zp zein polypeptide

See the complete record for zp zein polypeptide.

Notes:
  designator for genes encoding zein

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  There are no noted related loci available for this transgene.

References:
  (transgenic expression) Larkins, BA et al. 1993. Am J Clin Nutr 58:S264-S269
    Modification of maize-seed-protein quality
  (transgenic expression) Matzke, AJM et al. 1993. Plant Mol Biol 22:553-554
    A zein gene promoter fragment drives gus expression in a cell layer that is interposed between the endosperm and the seed coat
  (Variation) Viotti, A et al. 1985. EMBO J 4:1103-1110
    Each zein gene class can produce polypeptides of different sizes
  (gene product) Damerval, C and de Vienne, D. 1993. Heredity 70:38-51
    Quantification of dominance for proteins pleiotropically affected by opaque-2 in maize
  (gene product) Dombrink-Kurtzman, MA and Bietz, JA. 1993. Cereal Chem 70:105-108
    Zein composition in hard and soft endosperm of maize
  (gene product) Habben, J et al. 1992. pp.57-64 in Takai, K. 1992. Frontiers and New Horizons in Amino Acid Research; First Biennial International Conference on Amino Acid
    Characterization of genes that modify maize seed proteins and enhance the amino acid quality of the grain
  (gene product) Unger, E; Parsons, RL; Schmidt, RJ; Bowen, B; Roth, BA. 1993. Plant Cell 5:831-841
    Dominant negative mutants of opaque2 suppress transactivation of a 22-kD zein promoter by opaque2 in maize endosperm cells
  (gene product) Lopes, MA and Larkins, BA. 1993. Plant Cell 5:1383-1399
    Endosperm origin, development, and function
  (gene product) Matsumura, Y; Andonova, PP; Hayashi, Y; Murakami, H; Mori, T. 1994. Cereal Chem 71:428-433
    Antioxidant activities of zeins from different maize varieties against docosahexaenoic acid ethyl ester
  (gene product) Paulis, J; Bietz, J pp.135-161 in Kruger, JE and Bietz, JA. 1994.High-Performance Liquid Chromatography of Cereal and Legume Proteins
    Maize
  (gene product) Plotnikov, VK and Bakaldina, NB. 1996. Plant Mol Biol 31:507-515
    Differential stability of zein mRNA in developing corn kernel
  (gene product) Beck, MI et al. 1996. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 141:137-150
    Physico-chemical characterization of zein as a film coating polymer - A direct comparison with ethyl cellulose
  (gene expression) Woo, Y et al. 2001. Plant Cell 13:2297-2317
    Genomics analysis of genes expressed in maize endosperm identifies novel seed proteins and clarifies patterns of zein gene expression
  (Genelist) Soave, C et al. 1978. Theor Appl Genet 52:263-267
    Linkage relationships between regulatory and structural gene loci involved in zein synthesis in maize
  (Variation) Marks, MD and Larkins, BA. 1982. J Biol Chem 257:9976-9983
    Analysis of sequence microheterogeneity among zein messenger RNAs
  (gene product) Balconi, C et al. 1993. Plant J 3:325-334
    The accumulation of zein polypeptides and zein messenger RNA in cultured endosperms of maize is modulated by nitrogen supply
  (gene product) Paulis, J et al. 1992. Theor Appl Genet 85:407-414
    Expression of A/B zeins in single and double maize endosperm mutants
  (gene product) Lur, H and Setter, TL. 1993. Plant Physiol 103:273-280
    Role of auxin in maize endosperm development - timing of nuclear DNA endoreduplication, zein expression, and cytokinin
  (gene product) Boyer, CD; Hannah, LC pp.1-28 in Hallauer, AR. 1994.CRC Press
    Kernel mutants of corn
  (gene product) Okita, T and Rogers, JC. 1996. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 47:327-350
    Compartmentation of proteins in the endomembrane system of plant cells
  (Genelist) Soave, C et al. 1981. Genetics 97:363-377
    Clustering of genes for 20 kd zein subunits in the short arm of maize chromosome 7
  (Variation) Heidecker, G and Messing, J. 1983. Nucl Acid Res 11:4891-4906
    Sequence analysis of zein cDNAs obtained by an efficient mRNA cloning method
  (gene product) Feix, G and Quayle, TJA. 1993. Crit Rev Plant Sci 12:111-127
    Structure and expression of zein genes of maize
  (gene product) Liu, C-N and Rubenstein, I. 1992. Mol Gen Genet 234:244-253
    Molecular characterization of 2 types of 22 kilodalton alpha-zein genes in a gene cluster in maize
  (gene product) Bogyo, TP et al. 1993. Theor Appl Genet 87:33-37
    Quantitative genetic studies of A/B zeins using a new model to test non-allelic interactions
  (gene product) Schmidt, RJ pp.337-350 in Verma, DPS. 1993.CRC Press
    Opaque-2 and zein gene expression
  (gene product) Richard, G et al. 1996. Plant Physiol Biochem 34:237-243
    Transport and deposition of cereal prolamins
  (gene product) Lending, CR and Larkins, BA. 1992. Protoplasma 171:123-133
    Effect of the floury-2 locus on protein body formation during maize endosperm development
  (gene product) Li, X and Liu, J. 1993. Acta Agron Sin 19:218-226
    The effects of maize endosperm mutant genes and gene interactions on kernel components. I. The effects on kernel weight protein content and protein fractions
  (gene product) Lopes, MA; Coleman, CE; Kodrzycki, R; Lending, CR; Larkins, BA. 1994. Mol Gen Genet 245:537-547
    Synthesis of an unusual alpha-zein protein is correlated with the phenotypic effects of the floury2 mutation in maize



zp19/22 19/22-kDa zein protein gene family

See the complete record for zp19/22 19/22-kDa zein protein gene family.

Notes:
  the major zein gene family, includes subfamilies A20, A30, B49, B59,SF4; also characterized as containing two molecular weight subfamilies 19 kDa and 22 kDa.expression of the SF4 zein genes is under transcriptional control of the opaque2(O2) transciptional activator

Family Members:
  There are no noted family members available for this transgene.

Other Related Loci:
  Regulated By o2

References:
  (gene expression) Sturaro, M and Viotti, A. 2001. Methylation of the Opaque2 box in zein genes is parent-dependent and affects O2 DNA binding activity in vitro. Plant Mol Biol 46:549-560
    Methylation of the Opaque2 box in zein genes is parent-dependent and affects O2 DNA binding activity in vitro
  (gene expression) Or, E; Boyer, SK; Larkins, BA. 1993. Plant Cell 5:1599-1609
    opaque2 modifiers act post-transcriptionally and in a polar manner on gamma-zein gene expression in maize endosperm
  (Genelist) Burr, B et al. 1982. J Mol Biol 154:33-49
    Zein storage protein gene family of maize
  (transgenic expression) Coleman, C; Herman, E; Takasaki; K; Larkins, B. 1996. Maize Genetics Conference Abstracts 38
    Expression of alpha- and gamma-zein genes in tobacco endosperm
  (homeolog) Ottoboni, LMM et al. 1993. Plant Mol Biol 21:765-778
    Sequence analysis of 22 kDa-like alpha-coixin genes and their comparison with homologous zein and kafirin genes reveals highly conserved protein structure and regulatory elements
  (Variation) Marks, MD. 1985. J Biol Chem 260:16451-16459
  (Variation) Schmidt, RJ et al. 1992. Plant Cell 4:689-700
    Opaque-2 is a transcriptional activator that recognizes a specific target site in 22-kD-zein genes
  (Variation) Heidecker, G et al. 1991. Genomics 10:719-732
    Highly clustered zein gene sequences reveal evolutionary history of the multigen family
  (Variation) Geraghty, DE et al. 1982. EMBO J 1:1329-1335
    Sequence analysis and comparison of cDNAs of the zein multigene family
  (Variation) Roussell, DL et al. 1988. Mol Gen Genet 211:202-209
    Deletion of DNA sequences flanking an Mr 19000 zein gene reduces its transcriptional activity in heterologous plant tissues
  (Variation) Kriz, AL et al. 1987. Mol Gen Genet 207:90-98
    Structural and transcriptional analysis of DNA sequences flanking genes that encode 19 kilodalton zeins
  (codon usage) Fennoy, SL and Bailey-Serres, J. 1993. Nucl Acid Res 21:5294-5300
    Synonymous codon usage in Zea mays L. nuclear genes is varied by levels of C-ending and G-ending codons
  (gene product) Dombrink-Kurtzman, MA and Bietz, JA. 1993. Cereal Chem 70:105-108
    Zein composition in hard and soft endosperm of maize
  (gene product) Marks, MD and Larkins, BA. 1982. J Biol Chem 257:9976-9983
    Analysis of sequence microheterogeneity among zein messenger RNAs
  (gene product) Righetti, PG. 1977. Planta 136:115-123
  (gene product) Lopes, MA; Coleman, CE; Kodrzycki, R; Lending, CR; Larkins, BA. 1994. Mol Gen Genet 245:537-547
    Synthesis of an unusual alpha-zein protein is correlated with the phenotypic effects of the floury2 mutation in maize
  (gene product) Muller, M; Muth, JR; Gallusci, P; Knudsen, S; Maddaloni, M; Motto, M; Schmitz, D; Sorensen, MB; Sala. 1995. J Plant Physiol 145:606-613
    Regulation of storage protein synthesis in cereal seeds: developmental and nutritional aspects
  (evolution) Ottoboni, LMM et al. 1993. Plant Mol Biol 21:765-778
    Sequence analysis of 22 kDa-like alpha-coixin genes and their comparison with homologous zein and kafirin genes reveals highly conserved protein structure and regulatory elements
  (Variation) Hu, NT. 1982. EMBO J 1:1337-1342
    Primary structure of a genomic zein sequence of maize
  (gene product) Balconi, C et al. 1993. Plant J 3:325-334
    The accumulation of zein polypeptides and zein messenger RNA in cultured endosperms of maize is modulated by nitrogen supply
  (stability) Smetanin, D et al. 2000. Changes in zein mRNA stability during maize kernel development. Fiziol Rast 47:485-491
    Changes in zein mRNA stability during maize kernel development
  (Variation) Pedersen, K. 1982. Cell 29:1015-1026
    Cloning and sequence analysis reveal structural variation among related zein genes in maize
  (gene product) Hagen, G and Rubenstein, I. 1981. . Plant Sci 19:217-223
  (gene expression) Woo, Y et al. 2001. Plant Cell 13:2297-2317
    Genomics analysis of genes expressed in maize endosperm identifies novel seed proteins and clarifies patterns of zein gene expression
  (gene expression) Duke, ER and Doehlert, DC. 1996. Environ Exp Bot 36:199-208
    Effects of heat stress on enzyme activities and transcript levels in developing maize kernels grown in culture